Thorny shrub endemic to Morocco, hawthorn colonizes calcareous soils, deep and wet forests of oak in the Middle Atlas. Known since antiquity by Greek doctors, hawthorn is used in traditional medicine to treat cardiovascular disorders. Today, the plant is fed back into official pharmacopoeias because of its therapeutic properties. It is considered as "the friend of the heart" on base many treatments of cardiovascular system.
The medicinal value of hawthorn were revealed in the late eighteenth sciècle by American doctors. The extract of the plant is widely available in North America, and prescription in Europe. This is a very common plant of woods and hedges. In Morocco the hawthorn grows in the forests of the Middle Atlas.
The leaves, flowers and fruits of hawthorn contain flavonoids, anthocyanidins and procyanidins buffy, and terpene derivatives.
Hawthorn is a sympathetic nervous system sedative, a diuretic and a regulator of cardiac rhythm.
Oxyacantha the variety is mostly used in modern medicine and homeopathy, for its cardiotonic and sedative.
In traditional medicine, the leaves and flowers, are frequently used in decoction, against hot flashes.
The fruits are used in decoction, when to intetinaux.
Berries, dried and pounded, are also associated with henna in hair care.